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What is the Ayurvedic viewpoint of the structure and functions of the body?

The entire Universe along with the human body is constituted of five primary components. In a communal form, these elements are known as ‘Panch Mahabhootas’. Namely, these five basic elements are Aakash (Ether), Vayu (Air), Agni (Fire), Aapa (Water), and Prithvi (Earth). The sixth essential element of life is known as Atma (Life Spirit). Atma is considered as one of the crucial components of life because without Atma, life comes to an end. The entire human body is instituted of Doshas (Bio-humors), Dhatus (Body Matrix), and Malas (Excretable Products). The physical substances that are accountable for the execution of all the functions of the body are known as Tridoshs which comprises Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. On the other hand, the structural substances of the body are known as Dhatus which consist of Rasa (Plasma), Rakta (Blood Cells), Mamsa (Muscular Tissue), Meda (Fatty Tissue), Asthi (Bony Tissue), Majja (Bone Marrow), and Shukra (Hormonal and other secretions of genital). The complete metabolism of the body is carried out by Agni (Metabolic Fire) which is present in thirteen different forms in the body. The excretable waste products that are produced in the body are regarded as the by-products of metabolism. These by-products are called Malas which encompass Pureesh (Feces), Sweda (Sweat), and Mutra (Urine). The whole bio-transformations in the body happens by the means of Srotases (Body Channels) which are basically the positions for the deed of Agni. 

Last updated on June 2nd, 2021 at 02:42 pm